(1) Can I, as gently as possible, say that that phrase causes difficulty, the phrase ‘various assortments of artificially defined jural rights’.(2) Land, in this sense, appears merely as a geographic stage for the enactment of the jural elements of Aboriginal social organisation.(3) These inequalities relate in particular to three aspects: the gender division of labour; property rights, especially in land; and jural authority and access to public decision-making forums.(4) On the one hand, there is the jural discourse in terms of which Aboriginal citizens of the Northern Territory may enter claims to be recognised as traditional owners of estates in tracts of previously unalienated Crown land.(5) These rules can be termed proscriptive and jural (versus systemic), because they exclude people rather than include them and are open for negotiation.(6) While the structures of jural obligations may be associated with kin proximity, there is considerable ethnographic evidence that across many societies this is not the case.(7) Neither the political agenda of Indigenous people nor of the legislatures of Australia in searching for land justice or reconciliation of whatever stripe, is tethered by the narrow parentheses of jural native title.(8) However, Campbell and his associates are right to point out that the desire to see the common property model work has led many researchers to impute a degree of jural formality to local commons that is misplaced.(9) In many bilingual programs, the administrative functions of the school are still delivered exclusively in English, conveying to students the jural precedence of the majority language.(10) In the context of rights, a man may achieve maturity, but it is only upon his father's death that he gains true jural and ritual autonomy.(11) The tradition based approach results in what, in my view, amounts to a significant change to the conceptual basis for the common law's recognition and protection of native title as a jural right akin to a property right or interest.(12) In this discussion jural and cultural facets are intertwined, to explain the specific character of the Tolai adoption process, culturally and psychologically.